Parliament has officially been suspended for five weeks, with MPs not due back until 14 October.
The BBC said in a report, that amid unprecedented scenes in the Commons, some MPs protested against the suspension with signs saying “silenced” while shouting: “Shame on you.”
It comes after PM Boris Johnson’s bid to call a snap election in October was defeated for a second time.
Opposition MPs refused to back it, insisting a law blocking a no-deal Brexit must be implemented first.
In all, 293 MPs voted for the prime minister’s motion for an early election, far short of the two thirds needed.
Mr Johnson held a cabinet meeting earlier to update his ministers on Brexit, but a No 10 spokesman said the “bulk” of the meeting was focused on domestic issues.
The PM will later meet the leader of Northern Ireland’s DUP, Arlene Foster, and her deputy, Nigel Dodds, in Downing Street to talk about “a range of subjects, including Brexit”.