The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to a woman for the first time in 55 years, and for only the third time in its history.

Donna Strickland, a Canadian physicist, was awarded the 2018 prize jointly with GĂ©rard Mou-rou, from France, for their work on generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses.

They share the award with an American, Arthur Ashkin, who at 96 becomes the oldest Nobel Lau-re-ate, for developing “optical tweezers.”

Both inventions had “revolutionized laser physics,” the Royal Swedish Academy said.

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